The year 2007 wasn’t a good one for political honesty. Though not even technically an election year, it provided a bumper crop of falsehoods and distortions nonetheless.
Presidential candidates kept us busy:
- Republican Rudy Giuliani made false claims over and over about his record as mayor of New York, and even about England’s health care system.
- Democrat Bill Richardson also mangled the facts repeatedly, claiming credit for creating more jobs as New Mexico’s governor than actually materialized and using a made-up figure about the performance of U.S. students, among other misstatements.
- Republican Mitt Romney claimed undeserved credit for himself as governor of Massachusetts and made false or misleading claims about two of his rivals.
- Democrat Hillary Clinton ran an ad claiming that National Guard and Reserve troops had no health insurance before she went to work, when in fact most of them did.
- Republican Gov. Mike Huckabee repeatedly twisted the facts when talking about his record on taxes in Arkansas and other subjects. And there were plenty of other howlers from the large field of candidates.
Misinformation came both from Congress and the White House:
- Democrats made false promises about their Medicare drug bill in January.
- President Bush returned the favor in September by making a false claim about a Democratic effort to expand health care coverage for children in low-income families.
Independent groups also dispensed misinformation during 2007:
- Advocates of the so-called "FairTax" claimed a 23 percent national sales tax can replace both the federal income tax and Social Security taxes. In truth, the actual rate would have to be at least 34 percent even if it fell on new homes, mortgage and credit-card interest and a host of other products and services not usually subject to state or local sales taxes.
- A labor union group ran an ad supporting Democrat John Edwards that left the impression that jobs from a closed Iowa plant had gone overseas, when really they had gone to Ohio.
- A business group ran an ad falsely claiming that "lawsuit abuse" costs families thousands of dollars per year, which isn’t true.
What follows is not an exhaustive list, but a sampler of the worst falsehoods and distortions that we uncovered during the year, in no particular order. For more details and our documentation on any of the items, follow the links to read the original articles.
Rudy’s Adoption Deception
Republican presidential candidate Rudy Giuliani claimed adoptions went up 65 percent to 70 percent when he was mayor of New York City, when in fact adoptions at the end of his tenure were only 17 percent higher than at the start, and they were falling. His manipulation of official statistics was a classic case of using data selectively to create a false impression.
Rudy’s False Cancer Claim
Giuliani claimed in a radio ad that men suffering from prostate cancer have only a 44 percent survival rate under England’s system of "socialized medicine." The true figure is 74.4 percent. Giuliani’s bogus statistic was the result of bad math by a campaign adviser with no particular expertise in cancer research. It was denounced by any number of cancer experts including one who called it "nonsense." Giuliani stubbornly refused to admit his error, claiming the 44 percent figure is "absolutely accurate." It isn’t.
Rudy’s Inflated Cop Count
Giuliani falsely claimed that he grew New York City’s police force by 12,000 officers, but 7,100 of those he counted were already housing or transit police who were simply merged into the New York Police Department. The actual increase in the size of the city’s uniformed police officers was about 3,660, or about 10 percent, and the cost of hiring about 3,500 of them was partially covered by the federal government under President Bill Clinton.
Rudy’s Bogus Crime Claim
A Giuliani TV ad falsely claimed New York City experienced "record crime … until Rudy." In fact, the city recorded its highest rates of both violent crime and property crime years before he took office. The downward trend was well established before he was sworn in.
Rudy’s Tax-Cut Puffery
Giuliani constantly repeated that he "cut or eliminated 23 taxes" while mayor of New York City, but eight of those were initiated at the state level, with the mayor cheering from the sidelines. A ninth cut, one of the largest, was opposed by Giuliani in a five-month standoff with the City Council, until the mayor finally acquiesced. He can properly claim credit for initiating only 14 of the cuts.
Richardson’s Job Inflation
Democratic presidential candidate Bill Richardson continually boasted of creating 80,000 jobs since becoming governor of New Mexico. But official figures showed a 68,100 gain when he first started making this inflated boast. He based his claim on a definition of "jobs" that includes unpaid workers in family businesses and freelancers who don’t draw a paycheck.
Richardson also claimed he "made New Mexico 6th in job growth," when the state already ranked 6th for the 12-month period before he took office and later fell to 17th under Richardson’s stewardship.
Richardson Flunks Math and Science
Richardson also claimed over and over that U.S. students rank 29th in the world in math and science. Not true. The two leading international assessments of student achievement rank U.S. students better in all cases, and in most cases much better, than Richardson claims. U.S. students do post mediocre scores compared with those of other industrial nations, but Richardson is using a fanciful number that paints too dark a picture.
Mitt’s Immigration Malarkey
An ad by Romney in New Hampshire claimed that his rival John McCain "voted to allow illegals to collect Social Security." That’s untrue. Nobody who is in the country illegally could be paid any Social Security benefits under McCain’s immigration bill. What McCain and 10 other Senate Republicans voted against was an effort to strip illegal aliens of a right they currently have: to apply the taxes they paid and the time they worked while in the country illegally as credit toward future Social Security benefits if and when they become citizens or legal residents.
The same ad said one of the differences between the two candidates is that Romney "opposes amnesty" for illegal immigrants. But Romney himself once called McCain’s immigration bill "reasonable" and said it was "quite different" from amnesty. Indeed it was. The McCain bill would have required those here illegally to pay thousands of dollars in fines and fees to gain legal status.
In an earlier TV ad, Romney cast himself as tough on illegal immigration, saying "I authorized the [Massachusetts] State Police to enforce immigration laws." He doesn’t mention that his order never took effect. It came in the closing days of his administration and was rescinded by his successor
Mitt’s Meth Miss
Yet another Romney ad attacked Huckabee in Iowa, claiming Romney "got tough on drugs like meth" in Massachusetts while Huckabee "reduced penalties for manufacturing methamphetamine" in Arkansas. But the legislation Romney supported never passed. Furthermore, convicted meth dealers face prison terms in Arkansas that are four times longer than those in Massachusetts, even after the reductions Huckabee supported. The reductions were drafted with help from Arkansas state prosecutors to ease prison overcrowding.
Mitt Mauls History
Romney claimed that Democratic President Clinton "began to dismantle the military," but really it was Republican President George H.W. Bush who started making deep cuts in defense budgets years before Clinton took office.
Hillary’s Trumped-up Troop Claim
In a TV ad for her presidential campaign, Sen. Hillary Clinton falsely claimed that members of the National Guard and military Reserve didn’t have health insurance until she and a GOP colleague took action. "You would think that after all the sacrifices and service of the National Guard and Reserve protecting our country, they would have had health insurance. But they didn’t."
In fact, most of them did. All active-duty Guard and Reserve troops were covered by federal insurance long before she became a senator. Furthermore, four out of five non-active-duty guardsmen and reservists also were covered by their civilian employers or other sources. Clinton did help expand and enhance government health care coverage for reservists but can’t claim credit for creating coverage where none existed, as this ad implied.
Huckabee’s Tax Hooey
Huckabee tried to duck charges of being a tax increaser by claiming an Arkansas gasoline tax hike passed after 80 percent of state voters approved it. But the referendum vote on highway repairs didn’t occur until after the tax was increased.
Proponents of the so-called "FairTax," prominently including Huckabee, claimed that a national sales tax of 23 percent could replace both the federal income tax and Social Security taxes, and eliminate the Internal Revenue Service.
In truth, the actual rate of the proposed tax would be 30 percent, when calculated the same way as state and local sales taxes. And it would have to be 34 percent to raise the same revenue as the taxes it would replace, according to a bipartisan presidential commission. The FairTax would, for example, raise the price of gasoline by roughly $1 per gallon at today’s prices and cause a $150,000 new home to cost at least $195,000 including the 30 percent tax.
And while the Internal Revenue Service might disappear, two new federal bureaucracies would be needed: one to administer the sales tax and another to keep track of sending out hundreds of billions of dollars in checks every year to compensate taxpayers for the regressive nature of sales taxes. The proposal calls for "prebates" to all taxpayers of all taxes paid on purchases up to the poverty level. That of course would require an IRS-like system to validate each person’s income and the amount of "prebate" they are due.
Edwards’ Empty Threat
Former Sen. John Edwards said, both in a TV ad and constantly on the campaign trail, that as president he’d tell Congress to act within six months to make sure all Americans have health insurance or "I’m going to use my power as president to take your health care away from you." But he would have no such power. Lawmakers have health coverage granted by law, not by executive fiat.
McCain’s Supply-side Spin
McCain claimed the major tax cuts passed in 2001 and 2003 "dramatically increased revenues" and that tax cuts in general increase revenues. Not true. The Congressional Budget Office, the Treasury Department, the Joint Committee on Taxation, the White House’s Council of Economic Advisers and a former Bush administration economist all said that tax cuts lead to revenues that are lower than they otherwise would have been – even if they spur some economic growth.
McCain’s Impossible Energy Dream
McCain promised that if elected he’d set up a massive government program to develop alternate energy sources and "we will in five years become oil independent." But the U.S. imports two-thirds of its oil, and dependence is growing. Experts we consulted said McCain’s five-year goal is an impossibility. "There’s just no way," said Frank Verrastro, director of the Energy and National Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "You can’t institute technological change that quickly." Studies assessing how to achieve energy independence set target dates ranging from 2025 to 2040.
Biden’s Bogus Labor Boast
Sen. Joe Biden claimed during a Democratic forum to have a labor record equal to or better than all the candidates present that evening:
Biden: Look at our records. There’s no one on this stage, mainly because of my longevity, that has a better labor record than me.
Actually, all the candidates on the stage had a better lifetime labor record than Biden, as measured by the AFL-CIO’s ratings of Senate and House votes. Rep. Dennis Kucinich and Edwards had the best ratings, tied at 97 percent for their congressional careers. Biden’s lifetime rating brought up the rear at 85 percent.
Democratic Hot Air on Medicare
Democrats made a false promise to senior citizens by claiming that they had a painless way to bring about lower prices on pharmaceuticals. Michigan Rep. John Dingell summed up his party’s empty promise during House debate on their bill, H.R. 4:
Dingell: This legislation is simple and common sense. It will deliver lower premiums to the seniors, lower prices at the pharmacy and savings for all taxpayers.
That claim was contradicted by a number of experts including the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office and the chief actuary of the Medicare system. Both said the bill wouldn’t bring the lower prices Democrats promised, because it wouldn’t have allowed the federal government to set up a "formulary" of approved medications for Medicare, such as the one the Veterans Administration uses to squeeze price concessions from drug companies for the drugs it covers. Formularies can be unpopular with patients if preferred drugs aren’t covered. The Democratic bill would require federal officials to negotiate while denying them any leverage. The bill passed the House but the Senate took no action.
Bush Baloney on Children’s Health
President Bush falsely claimed that a proposal to expand the 10-year-old federal SCHIP program "would result in taking a program meant to help poor children and turning it into one that covers children in households with incomes of up to $83,000 a year." That wasn’t true. Nothing in the proposal would have forced coverage for families earning $83,000 a year.
Actually, the Urban Institute estimated that 70 percent of children who would gain coverage under the bill that Bush attacked (and later vetoed) are in families earning half the $83,000 figure Bush used. One state, New York, had proposed (under current law) to allow families of four with incomes up to $82,600 a year to be eligible, but the administration successfully prevented that from happening.
Furthermore, the program wasn’t aimed at "poor" children as Bush claimed. Those in poverty generally are covered under Medicaid already. SCHIP was aimed at children in families without health coverage and with incomes that are above the poverty level.
Bush’s Iraqi Exaggerations
Bush played loose with the facts in an address address to the nation on Iraq. He said "36 nations … have troops on the ground in Iraq." In fact, his own State Department put the number at 25. The White House later said the president was counting some nations that had troops in the country temporarily as part of a military exercise. Bush also said the city of Baqubah in Diyala province was "cleared." But the Washington Post quoted a State Department official as saying the security situation there wasn’t stable at the time.
Off-Base About Offshoring
An ad by a labor union PAC supporting Democratic presidential candidate Edwards in Iowa implied that the closing of a Maytag factory in the state and the loss of 1,800 jobs were due to "tax breaks to companies that move jobs offshore." And it said Edwards would end such breaks. But the jobs didn’t move offshore. They were sent to Ohio. And eliminating the "tax breaks" in question probably wouldn’t do much to keep jobs in the U.S.
"Lawsuit Abuse" Nonsense
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce ran a TV ad claiming that "lawsuit abuse" is costing "your family" $3,500 a year. But that figure came from a study estimating the cost of all suits, not just abusive ones. The author of the study called the chamber’s ad "misleading."
- by Brooks Jackson, with the staff of FactCheck.org