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A Project of The Annenberg Public Policy Center

Bogus QAnon Claim that Mail-In Ballots Are Illegitimate

Bogus QAnon Claim that Mail-In Ballots Are Illegitimate

A bogus QAnon-related claim that many of the mail-in ballots for the Nov. 3 election were illegitimate has spread widely on social media. But the claim is based on the faulty assumption that ballots are produced by the federal government.

Viral Posts Misreport Data on Registered Voters in Wisconsin

Viral Posts Misreport Data on Registered Voters in Wisconsin

Viral posts on Facebook falsely claim there were more votes cast in the 2020 election in Wisconsin than there were registered voters. According to state data, the number of registered voters exceeded the votes cast by nearly 388,000, as of Nov. 1.

Sharpie Ballots Count in Arizona

Sharpie Ballots Count in Arizona

The falsehood that votes for President Donald Trump weren’t counted in Arizona because the ballots were filled out with Sharpie pens spread widely on the day after the election. But the county where the claim originated actually recommends that voters use fine tip Sharpies to fill out their ballots.

Clerical Error Prompts Unfounded Claims About Michigan Results

Clerical Error Prompts Unfounded Claims About Michigan Results

A data input error that briefly showed an unusually large uptick in votes for Joe Biden in Michigan prompted suspicions online and an unfounded claim of voter fraud. The error came down to a typo by a county’s reporting that was quickly corrected.

Trump’s Falsehood-Filled Speech on the Election

Trump’s Falsehood-Filled Speech on the Election

Before all of the votes in the 2020 election were counted, President Donald Trump wrongly claimed victory, calling for “all voting to stop” and claiming continuing to count legally cast votes would “disenfranchise” the people who voted for him.

Bogus Posts Claim ‘Poll Worker’ Tossed Ballots in Pennsylvania

Bogus Posts Claim ‘Poll Worker’ Tossed Ballots in Pennsylvania

A bogus post on Instagram purports to be from an Erie County, Pennsylvania, poll worker who claimed he threw out over 100 pro-Trump ballots. The chair of the Erie County Board of Elections says the man “does not work in any way with Erie County or have any part of Erie County’s election process.”

Video Doesn’t Show Voter Fraud in Utah

Video Doesn’t Show Voter Fraud in Utah

A video suggesting that there’s been “voter fraud” in Utah has been circulating online, but all it actually shows is a misunderstanding of a poll worker’s mistake on the first day of early, in-person voting. The mistake was corrected and the system worked, as intended.

False Claim About ‘Pre-Filled Out Ballots’ in Queens

False Claim About ‘Pre-Filled Out Ballots’ in Queens

A false claim circulating on social media alleges that mail-in ballots already filled out with votes for Democrats, including Joe Biden, were sent to voters in a New York City borough. A spokesperson for the New York City Board of Elections told us the ballot that triggered the allegation was the result of a voter’s error.

Viral Posts Take Biden Quote on Voter Fraud Out of Context

Viral Posts Take Biden Quote on Voter Fraud Out of Context

Social media posts shared by Eric Trump and Fox News host Jeanine Pirro take a quote by Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden out of context to claim he “admits to voter fraud.” Biden was actually describing his efforts to prevent voter fraud and suppression.