In recent interviews, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt made two false claims about his agency’s record on removing toxic sites from the Superfund National Priorities List:
- Pruitt said the EPA will remove “almost 30” sites from the list “this year,” claiming that’s “never been done before.” But it has been done before. In 1996, the agency removed 45.
- He claimed the EPA removed seven sites from the list “last year.” That’s false. The agency removed three sites last year.
Pruitt did not specify if he was referring to calendar years or fiscal years, which run from Oct. 1 to Sept. 30. But either way, he’s wrong. The above numbers are for calendar years. As for fiscal years, the EPA has removed 30 or more sites from the list in fiscal years 1996, 1997 and 2001, and the agency deleted two sites last fiscal year.
Pruitt made his claim in an interview on April 4 with the Washington Times (starts at about 13:30).
Pruitt, April 4: We saw seven [Superfund] sites come off the list last year. We’re going to see approaching 30 this year. That’s never been done.
He also made the claim in an interview that same day on Fox News, while defending hiring Albert Kelly, a former banker, to lead the agency’s Superfund Task Force (starts at about 15:30).
Fox News anchor Ed Henry first pointed out that Kelly was banned from the banking industry by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Though Kelly didn’t plead guilty to any crimes, the FDIC did have “reason to believe [Kelly] violated a law or regulation,” according to a May 9, 2017, settlement between the two parties.
Two weeks later the EPA announced Kelly would head the Superfund Task Force, which was created to “provide recommendations” to “streamline and improve the Superfund program.” The Superfund program manages the country’s most contaminated sites.
Henry then asked Pruitt what experience Kelly has related to running environmental programs. “Look at the results that they’re achieving,” Pruitt responded. “That’s the experience.”
Pruitt added, “We’ll have almost 30 sites off the list this year,” which has “almost never been done. Never been [done] in history.”
During the interview, Pruitt also confirmed that he has “had accounts” with SpiritBank, an Oklahoma bank where Kelly had been president and chief executive officer. Pruitt was the Oklahoma attorney general prior to becoming EPA administrator.
We reached out to Pruitt’s office for comment multiple times, but it has yet to respond. We don’t know how many sites will be deleted from the list this year. We also don’t know if Pruitt was talking about fiscal years or calendar years. Either way, even if near 30 sites are deleted from the National Priorities List, it would be no record.
In fiscal year 1996 — which extended from Oct. 1, 1995, to Sept. 30, 1996 — 34 sites were deleted from the list. In fiscal years 1997 and 2001, 32 and 30 sites, respectively, were removed. By calendar year, 45 sites were removed from the list in 1996.
In both interviews, Pruitt also touted that the EPA removed seven sites from the list “last year.” Again, it’s unclear here whether Pruitt meant last calendar year or last fiscal year. But either way, it’s wrong.
The EPA has deleted seven sites total since Pruitt took office. This would include four sites in calendar year 2018 (or five in fiscal year 2018) — sites that would presumably be included in his tally of about 30 for “this year.”
It’s also worth mentioning that Pruitt’s EPA can’t take full credit for the sites it has deleted. All of them were first listed more than a decade prior to 2017. During this time, previous administrations did the work to remediate them.
In fact, all of the sites were “Ready for Reuse and Redevelopment” in or before 2016. “Once sites have been cleaned up, EPA works with communities through an array of tools, partnerships, and activities to help to return these sites to productive uses,” the EPA’s website says.
Two regional EPA spokespeople told us that after a site reaches this stage in the cleanup process, the work that takes place entails monitoring contamination levels and compiling paperwork to delete the site from the National Priorities List. A site comes off the list when “all cleanup goals have been achieved” and any comments from the public are addressed, the EPA says.